Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.38(2) > 1063714

Jo and Lee: Relationship between Self-efficacy, Depression, Level of Satisfaction and Death Attitude of College Students



The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among self-efficacy, depression, life satisfaction and death attitude of college students.


The subjects consisted of 232 college students. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires, which were constructed to include self-efficacy, depression, satisfaction with life, and death attitude. Data were analyzed by the SPSS/PC WIN. 12.0 program.


Death attitude and life satisfaction of college students were significantly different according to frequency of death ideation. Death attitude for college students correlated with self-efficacy, depression, and life atisfaction. The most significant predictor of death attitude for college students was life satisfaction.


The above findings indicate that death attitude for college students is influenced by self-efficacy, depression, and life satisfaction. These findings suggest that a death education program to improve life satisfaction and to give a positive attitude toward death is needed for college students.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Conceptual framework.
Figure 2
Results of path analysis. *p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001.
Table 1
Difference of Death Attitude, Satisfaction, and Depression by Death Thought (N=232)

**p<.01; ***p<.001. Duncan test: a<b.

Table 2
Correlation matrix of variables (N=232)

*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001.

Table 3
Multiple Regression of Depression, Satisfaction, and Death Attitude (N=232)

*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001. U, V, W=residual factors.

Table 4
Direct, Indirect and Total Effects of self-efficacy on Death Attitude (N=232)


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