Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.37(7) > 1063577

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2007 Dec;37(7):1049-1060. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2007.  https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2007.37.7.1049
Copyright © 2007 Korean Society of Nursing Science
The Effects of a Cognitive Behavior Program on Cognition, Depression, and Activities of Daily Living in Elderly with Cognitive Impairment
Su Kyong Chu,1 Jang Hak Yoo,2 and Chung Yul Lee3
1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Korea.
2Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Daebul University, Korea.
3Professor, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Yoo, Jang Hak. Department of Nursing, Daebul University 72 Sanho-ri, Samho-up, Youngam-gun, Jeonnam 526-702, Korea. Tel: 82-61-469-1311, Fax: 82-61-469-1317, Email: janghryu@mail.daebul.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a cognitive behavior program on cognition, depression, and activities of daily living in elderly with Cognitive Impairment.

Method

The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. There were 21 subjects in the experimental group and 19 in the control group among 40 senior residents in a Hall for the elderly in the city of S. The subjects scores ranged from 15 to 23 on the MMSE-K(Korean Version of Mini-Mental State Examination) over age 65. The length of time for data collection and intervention was from Jun 26 to September 1, 2006. The cognitive behavior program consisted of ‘Facing problem behavior’, ‘Searching for a coping skill’, and ‘Training in the coping skill’. It was applied to the experimental group twice a week, fifty minutes per session for six weeks.

Result

Cognition(t=-4.232, p< .001) and IADL(t=-2.939, p< .01) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Depression in the experimental group was significantly less than the control group(t=3.870, p< .01). However, ADL in the experimental group was not significantly higher than the control group.

Conclusion

These findings confirmed that a cognitive behavior program contributed to improving cognition and IADL, and to reducing depression in the elderly with Cognitive Impairment.

Keywords: Cognitive behavior program; Elderly; Cognition; Depression; Activities of daily living