Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.35(1) > 1063350

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2005 Feb;35(1):186-194. Korean.
Published online March 28, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2005.35.1.186
Copyright © 2005 Korean Society of Nursing Science
The Effects of Aromatherapy on Pain, Depression, and Life Satisfaction of Arthritis Patients
Myung Ja Kim,1 Eun Sook Nam,2 and Seun In Paik3
1College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Korea.
3Rheumatic Center, The Catholic University of Korea, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy on pain, depression, and feelings of satisfaction in life of arthritis patients.

Method

This study used a quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group, pre-and post-test. The sample consisted of 40 patients, enrolled in the Rheumatics Center, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, South Korea. The essential oils used were lavender, marjoram, eucalyptus, rosemary, and peppermint blended in proportions of 2:1:2:1:1. They were mixed with a carrier oil composed of almond (45%), apricot(45%), and jojoba oil(10%) and they were diluted to 1.5% after blending. The data were analyzed using an 2-test, Fisher's exact test, t-test and paired t-test.

Result

Aromatherapy significantly decreased both the pain score and the depression score of the experimental group compared with the control group. However, aromatherapy didn't increase the feeling of satisfaction in life of the experimental group compared with the control group.

Conclusion

The result of this study clearly shows that aromatherapy has major effects on decreasing pain and depression levels. Based on our experiment's findings, we suggest that aromatherapy can be a useful nursing intervention for arthritis patients.

Keywords: Arthritis; Aromatherapy; Pain; Depression; Life satisfaction