Journal List > Allergy Asthma Respir Dis > v.4(1) > 1059183

Oh, Koh, Suh, Kang, Kim, Kim, Kim, Kim, Kim, Park, Baek, Song, Shin, Yang, Woo, Yoo, Yu, Lee, and Lim: Translation and linguistic validation of Korean version of the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids instrument

Abstract

Purpose

We aimed to translate the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids (TRACK) instrument into Korean, with subsequent linguistic validation.

Methods

The multistep process of forward translation, reconciliation, back-translation, cognitive debriefing, and proofreading of the Korean version of the TRACK was completed.

Results

Two bilingual medical personnel independently translated the original English version of the TRACK into Korean one. After moderating the translation into a single reconciled one, 4 other bilingual persons were invited to translate the Korean draft back into an English one. Discrepancies between the original English version and the back-translated one were reviewed, and the need to modify the reconciled Korean draft was discussed. Twenty caregivers of asthmatic children took part in interviews that examine the appropriateness of the Korean version of the TRACK. The feedback from caregivers were then reviewed by a panel of pediatric allergists and reflected in the final Korean version. The document was finally proofread to check the spelling, grammar, layout and formatting.

Conclusion

Translation and linguistic validation of the Korean version of the TRACK instrument were completed.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1

Translation and linguistic validation process of the questionnaire. After ① translation of the original version of the questionnaire into the target language, ② back translation, ③ comparison with the original version, and ④ modification of the Korean draft are followed. Thereafter, ⑤ cognitive debriefing is conducted with interviewee who would answer the questionnaire and ⑥ the result is reviewed by a panel of pediatric allergists. Finally, ⑦ checking for spelling, grammar and formatting was done to complete the harmonized translation.

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Table 1

Reconciliation after two forward translations of the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids by two independent bilingual translators

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Table 2

Demographics of the interviewee at the cognitive debriefing process

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Demographic finding Value
No. of interviewees 20
Age (yr), median (IQR) 36.5 (33.75-39.75)
Female sex, n (%) 19 (95)
 Mother 17 (85)
 Grandmother 2 (10)
Male sex, n (%) 1 (5)
Primary caregiver, n (%)
 Yes 16 (80)
 No 4 (20)

IQR, interquartile range.

Table 3

Debriefing of 20 patients with the Korean translation of the Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids questionnaire

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Appendices

Appendix 1

Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids (TRACK)

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Appendix 2

Test for Respiratory and Asthma Control in Kids (TRACK)

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