Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.26(4) > 1058398

Han and Yun: Successful Aging and the Influencing Factors in the Korean Elderly: Focused on Family Support

Abstract

Purpose

This research was conducted to examine the successful aging and identify factors influencing successful aging in the Korean elderly.

Methods

The subjects were 4,507 elders and data were collected from the 4th Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing in 2012. The data were analyzed using frequencies, weighted percentage, χ2 test, and logistic regression.

Results

The results of this study showed that 19.6% of the participants were categorized to successful aging. The domains of the absence of disease and disability and maintaining physical and mental functioning showed a high rate of achievement, while the domain of active engagement with life showed a low rate of achievement compared to others. Successful aging was influenced by gender, age, subjective economic status, subjective health status, and family support, particularly spouse's support.

Conclusion

Intervention programs to increase the prevalence of successful aging are required. Especially programs for strengthening spouse's support and enhancing subjective health status are required.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

The Difference of Successful Aging by Characteristics of Subjects

jkachn-26-372-i001
Variables Characteristics Total Successful aging Usual aging χ2 p
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender Male 2,028 (45.00) 637 (72.30) 1,391 (38.36) 329.94 <.001
Female 2,479 (55.00) 244 (27.70) 2,235 (61.64)
Age (year) 65~74 2,676 (59.36) 731 (82.88) 1,945 (53.64) 251.42 <.001
≥75 1,831 (40.64) 151 (17.12) 1,681 (46.35)
Education No education 993 (22.03) 91 (10.33) 902 (24.98) 122.25 <.001
Elementary school 1,566 (34.74) 283 (32.12) 1,283 (35.38)
≥Middle school 1,948 (43.22) 507 (57.55) 1,441 (39.74)
Subjective economic status Good 1,221 (27.10) 347 (39.39) 874 (24.11) 157.03 <.001
Usual 2,206 (48.96) 450 (51.08) 1,756 (48.44)
Bad 1,079 (23.94) 84 (9.53) 995 (27.45)
Subjective health status Healthy 863 (19.15) 310 (35.18) 553 (15.25) 293.34 <.001
Usual 1,894 (42.02) 423 (48.01) 1,471 (40.57)
Unhealthy 1,750 (38.83) 148 (16.80) 1,602 (44.18)
Family support Supported spouse 2,364 (52.45) 639 (72.45) 1,725 (47.59) 199.30 <.001
Unsupported spouse 802 (17.79) 134 (15.19) 668 (18.42)
No spouse 1,341 (29.75) 109 (12.36) 1,232 (33.99)
Supported children 2,236 (49.61) 423 (47.96) 1,813 (50.01) 48.40 <.001
Unsupported children 669 (14.84) 76 (8.62) 593 (16.36)
No children 1,602 (35.54) 383 (43.42) 1,219 (33.63)

%: Weighted %.

Table 2

The Proportion of Successful Aging (N=4,507)

jkachn-26-372-i002
Domain n (%)
Absence of diseases 3,590 (79.66)
Physical & mental function 4,041 (89.66)
Active engagement 987 (21.89)
Successful aging 882 (19.56)
Table 3

Influencing Factors of Subjectives' Characteristics on Successful Aging

jkachn-26-372-i003
Variables Categories Successful aging (n=882)
OR 95% CI p
Gender Male 1.00
Female 0.29 0.25~0.36 <.001
Age (year) 65~74 1.00
≥75 0.33 0.26~0.40 <.001
Education No education 1.00
Elementary 1.02 0.77~1.35 .887
≥Middle school 0.77 0.58~1.06 .073
Subjective economic status Bad 1.00
Usual 1.86 1.42~2.44 <.001
good 2.12 1.58~2.87 <.001
Subjective health status Unhealthy 1.00
Usual 2.02 1.63~2.52 <.001
healthy 3.11 2.44~3.96 <.001
Family support No spouse 1.00
Unsupported spouse 1.43 1.05~1.94 .023
Supported spouse 1.60 1.24~2.08 <.001
No children 1.00
Unsupported children 1.04 0.76~1.42 .810
Supported children 1.08 0.90~1.30 .388
Likelihood ratio test χ2=757.35, df=12, p<.001
Goodness-of-fit test: Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2=7.03, df=8, p=.533
Correct Prediction (%) 81.52
Nagelkerke R2 .25

OR=Odds ratio; CI=Confidence interval.

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