Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.25(3) > 1058349

Yi and Song: DACUM Job Analysis on Elementary Health Teachers' Roles



The aim of this study was to identify the roles, duties and tasks of elementary health teachers. Required knowledge, skills, and worker behaviors were also examined.


Elementary health teachers' jobs were analyzed by DACUM workshop. First, the health teachers' roles and related jobs were described, and then the jobs were divided into duties and subordinate tasks. The identified roles, duties and tasks were reviewed and refined, and then were organized in a DACUM chart. DACUM committee members discussed not only general knowledge, skills and work behaviors but also future trends and concerns.


The DACUM chart for elementary health teachers consisted of 8 duties and 52 tasks. Required knowledge, skills and worker behaviors were also listed.


Elementary health teachers play roles as health manager, health care provider, and teacher in school. Their roles, duties and tasks are being changed. Thus, their jobs need to be redefined legally, politically, and institutionally.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Procedure of DACUM job analysis.
Figure 2
Health teachers' DACUM chart.
Table 1
Characteristics of DACUM Committee Members (N=8)
Table 2
Required Knowledge, Skills and Worker Behaviors


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