Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.24(2) > 1058297

Song and Park: Factors of Depression in Korean-Chinese Elders in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China: With Reference to Han-Chinese Living in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture



This study was to investigate depression in Korean-Chinese elder living in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in China.


A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted using face to face private interviews for elders aged over 59, who have been dwelling in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture. The samples consisted of 183 Korean-Chinese and 182 Han-Chinese with the latter as a reference group. Data were collected from August 25 to September 20, 2011 and analyzed with the SPSS 18.0 program. The GDS (Geriatric Depression Scale) was used to measure elderly depression in the subjects.


In Korean-Chinese, the rate of depression was higher in those who had lower educational levels, and were economically supported by the government. And those who had depression showed lower scores in Chinese language proficiency, health status, and social supports, and had more chronic diseases. Factors having effects on Korean-Chinese elderly depression included perceived health status and subjective support.


According to the results, for preventing the depression of Korean-Chinese, it is necessary to develop health management programs and social support networks, which were easy to approach.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Demographic and Depression related Characteristics of Korean-Chinese and Han-Chinese

Exclude no response.

Table 2
Depression of Korean-Chinese and Han-Chinese

ANCOVA (education, marital status as covariant)

Table 3
Demographic Characteristics related to Depression in Korean-Chinese and Han-Chinese Elderly

Exclude no response.

Table 4
Depression related Characteristics related to Depression in Korean-Chinese and Han-Chinese
Table 5
The Factors Effect to Depression


This article is a revision of the first author's master's thesis form Keimyung University.


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