Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.22(2) > 1058208

Kim: The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students



The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation.


This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test.


After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group.


The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Research design.
Table 1
Content of Program on Self Esteem & Smoking Cessation Self Efficacy Promotion
Table 2
Homogeneity Test of Characteristics (N=45)
Table 3
Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variable between Experimental and Control Group (N=45)
Table 4
Effect of Assessment Program on Dependent Variables between the Groups


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