Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.21(1) > 1058155

So, Lee, Choi, and Lee: The Effects of a Tai Chi Exercise Program for Patients with Arthritis in Rural Areas

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a Tai-Chi exercise program on subjective health and physiological function index.

Methods

This study was designed as non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest research. Eighteen women in each group completed the posttest with an attendance rate of 78.3 % after 12 weeks. The Tai Chi exercise program was provided two times a week over three months for the experimental group, but no program for the control group. A questionnaire was used for subjective health index, which consisted of Korean-WOMAC Index for joint stiffness, K-HAQ for physical disability, EQ-5D for quality of life and perceived health status, and CES-D for depression. To measure the effect on the physiological function index, femoral muscle strength, shoulder joint and back flexibility were measured.

Results

All variables except left anterior femoral muscle strength had significant homogeneity between the two groups. There were statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in joint stiffness (t=-2.165, p=.03), physical disability (t=-2.231, p=.038), EQ-5D index (t=3.783, p=.001), perceived health status (t=-2.349, p=.025) and femoral posterior muscle strength (t=2.487, p=.038).

Conclusion

The Tai-Chi exercise program was beneficial for women with arthritis in rural communities.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Research design.
jkachn-21-118-g001
Table 1
Homogenity Test on General Characteristics of Subjects
jkachn-21-118-i001

Fisher's exact test.

Table 2
Effects on Subjective Health Index of Tai Chi Exercise Program
jkachn-21-118-i002
Table 3
Effects on Physiologic Function Index of Tai Chi Exercise Program
jkachn-21-118-i003

ANCOVA was done using pretest left femoral muscle strength as a covariate.

Rt=right; Lt=left.

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