Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.26(2) > 1058108

J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2017 Jun;26(2):111-123. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2017.
© 2017 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Countertransference Experience of Nursing Students in Psychiatric Nursing Practice
Mira Son
Department of Nursing, Shinsung University, Dangjin, Korea.

Corresponding author: Son, Mira. Department of Nursing, Shinsung University, 1 Daehak-ro, Deongma-ri, Jeongmi-myeon, Dangjin 31801, Korea. Tel: +82-41-350-1348, Fax: +82-41-350-1345, Email:
Received January 03, 2017; Revised March 08, 2017; Accepted April 18, 2017.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was done to describe the countertransference experience of nursing students in psychiatric nursing practice.


Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 participants who were women nursing students.


The core category was “narrowing mind distance with patients by exploring countertransference”. The countertransference experience process consisted of four sequential phases: exploring a countertransference, managing a countertransference, increasing understanding of patients, and establishing a trusting relationship.


The results from the study contribute to promoting understanding of the countertransference experience of nursing students' during nursing practise and should be helpful in therapeutic communication competence education.

Keywords: Countertransference; Nursing students; Grounded theory


Figure 1
Countertransference experience process of nursing students in psychiatric nursing.
Click for larger image


Table 1
Category Analysis Using Paradigm Model
Click for larger image


CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:The author declared no conflicts of interest.

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