Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.25(4) > 1058092

Song, Yang, and Park: Effects on Critical Thinking Disposition and Empathy on Cultural Competency in Nursing Students

Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of critical thinking disposition and empathy on cultural competency in nursing students.

Methods

The participants were 199 nursing students from D, H, and W universities in J province. Data were collected from April 1 to May 30, 2016, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0.

Results

The mean score for critical thinking disposition was 3.53±0.37, for empathy, 3.73±0.33, and for cultural competency, 3.23±0.40. Critical thinking disposition showed a positive correlation with cultural competency (r=.32, p<.001) and empathy showed a positive correlation with cultural competency (r=.31, p<.001). Critical thinking disposition showed a positive correlation with empathy (r=.36, p<.001). Significant factors that influenced cultural competency were critical thinking disposition, empathy, foreign residents in the family, and participating in cultural education. These variables explained 18% of cultural competency.

Conclusion

These findings indicate that critical thinking disposition and empathy enhancement programs should be developed to increase cultural competency in nursing students. There is also a need for further studies to examine effects of developed programs.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Characteristics of Participants (N=199)

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Table 2

Level of Critical Thinking Disposition, Empathy and Cultural Competency (N=199)

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Table 3

Differences of Critical Thinking Disposition, Empathy and Cultural Competency by General Characteristics (N=199)

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Table 4

Correlation among Critical Thinking Disposition, Empathy and Cultural Competency (N=199)

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Table 5

Affected Factors of Cultural Competency (N=199)

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*Dummy variable; Variables included in stepwise method: Critical thinking disposition, empathy, foreign residents in the family, foreign language skill, and experience of multi cultural education.

Notes

This paper was supported by Wonkwang university in 2016.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.

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