Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.25(4) > 1058087

Cho: Effects of Empathy, Communication Ability and Attitudes toward Mental Illness on Psychiatric Nurses' Image for Nursing Students



This study was conducted to identify the effects of empathy, communication ability and attitude toward mental illness on psychiatric nurses' image for nursing students.


Participants were 349 nursing students from two universities in G metropolitan city. A survey was conducted from June 10 to 30, 2016, using a self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed using t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 20.0.


The level of psychiatric nurses' image for nursing students was 4.03±0.46. Models including the variables, empathy, communication ability and attitude toward mental illness explained 30.0% of the variance in the image of psychiatric nurses. Attitude toward mental illness was the most influential factor (β=.28, p<.001).


Based on the outcomes of this study, steps should be taken to design intervention programs that emphasize a positive image of psychiatric nurses for nursing students.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of Subjects (N=349)

Table 2

Degrees of Empathy, Communication Ability, Attitudes Toward the Mental Illness, and Psychiatric Nurses' Image (N=349)

Table 3

Differences of Psychiatric Nurses' Image according to the General Characteristics (N=349)

Table 4

Correlations between Empathy, Communication Ability, Attitudes Toward the Mental Illness, and Psychiatric Nurses' Image (N=349)

Table 5

Influencing Factors on Psychiatric Nurses' Image (N=349)



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