Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.25(3) > 1058082

Kim, Kim, Lee, and Jeong: Effect of Human Rights Sensitivity and Social Distance on Attitude toward Mental Illness in Psychiatric Hospital Orderlies



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of human rights sensitivity and social distance in psychiatric hospital orderlies on attitudes toward mental illness, including authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictiveness, and community mental health ideology.


Participants were 201 psychiatric hospital orderlies working in one national mental hospital or one of 10 private mental hospitals. Data were collected from May 9 to June 22, 2016. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.


Human rights sensitivity and social distance were statistically significant predictors for the attitude toward mental illness in psychiatric hospital orderlies. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that human rights sensitivity and social distance explained an additional 23% of authoritarianism, 16% of benevolence, 35% of social restrictiveness and 29% of community mental health ideology.


These findings suggest that education programs to increase levels of human rights sensitivity and reduce the levels of social distance among psychiatric hospital orderlies would improve their attitude toward patients with the mental illness.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of Participants (N=201)


HRE=Human rights education; JRE=Job training education.

Table 2

Differences in Attitude toward the Mental Illness by General Characteristics (N=201)


HRE=Human rights education; JRE=Job training education; PHO=Psychiatric hospital orderlies.

Table 3

Correlations between Human Right Sensitivity, Social Distance and Attitude toward the Mental Illness (N=201)


CMHI=Community mental health ideology.

Table 4

Effects of Human Rights Sensitivity and Social Distance on the Attitude toward the Mental Illness: Authoritarianism and Benevolence (N=201)


HT=Hospital type; SI=Shiftwork type; MI=Monthly income; NAC=Nurse's aide certification; RTI=Rotation or turnover intention; NHRE=Number of human rights education; NJTE=Number of job training education; HRS=Human rights sensitivity.

Table 5

Effects of Human Rights Sensitivity and Social Distance on the Attitude toward the Mental Illness: Social Restrictiveness and Community Mental Health Ideology (N=201)



CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflicts of interest.


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