Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.25(3) > 1058072

Kim, Koo, and Koo: Concept Analysis of Self-reliance in Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities



The purpose of this study was to construct the clear definition of the concept 'self-reliance' among persons with psychiatric disabilities.


A hybrid model (comparative analysis between literature review findings and actual interview data) was employed to extract essential components of 'self-reliance' and develop its clear definition among those subjects.


Self-reliance appeared to have complex nature and consist of multi-dimensional meaning units with 4 different levels (including 8 attributes and 21 indicators). 4 different levels of dimensions and their 8 attributes are suggested as follows: 1) Personal dimension (increasing insight, improving motivation for recovery); 2) Procedural dimension (encouraging empowerment and overcoming internalized stigma, self-esteem); 3) Institutional dimension (utilizing social and government support, formulating social-networks); 4) Consequential dimension (financial independence, planning for independent housing, self-determination).


The findings of this study will contribute to developing valid measurements to examine self-reliance and establishing nursing interventions aiming at increasing self-reliance in persons with psychiatric disabilities.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Dimensions, Attributes, Indicators and Preceding Factors of Independence in Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities in Literature Review

Table 2

Dimensions, Attributes, Indicators and Preceding Factors of Independence in Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities in Field Work

Table 3

Dimensions, Attributes, Indicators and Preceding Factors of Independence in Persons with Mental Disabilities in Final Stage



CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflicts of interest.


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