Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.24(2) > 1058037

Jun, Lee, and Lee: Relationships among Gratitude, Depression, and Psychological Well-being in Clinical Nurses

Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to investigate the relations among gratitude, depression, and psychological well-being among clinical nurses.

Methods

The participants were 411 clinical nurses, working in U city. Data were collected during the four months, April to June, 2012. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program.

Results

The mean scores for gratitude and psychological well-being were above average. The mean score for depression presented a probable depression level. Psychological well-being in clinical nurses was significantly correlated with gratitude (r=.55, p<.001) and depression (r=-.62, p<.001). The significant predictors of psychological well-being for clinical nurses were depression (β=-.47, p<.001) and gratitude (β=.34, p<.001), which explained 48.0% of the variance in psychological well-being.

Conclusion

The results indicate that it is necessary to develop depression reduction and gratitude enhancement programs to improve the psychological well-being of clinical nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of Participants (N=411)

jkapmhn-24-136-i001

ICU=Intensive care unit; ER=Emergency room; OR=Operating room; DR=Delivery room; OPD=Outpatient department.

Table 2

Level of Gratitude, Depression and Psychological Well-being (N=411)

jkapmhn-24-136-i002
Table 3

Difference Analysis of Major Variables by General Characteristics of Participant (N=411)

jkapmhn-24-136-i003

a, b, c: Duncan test (same letter means significantly difference).

Table 4

Correlations among Variables (N=411)

jkapmhn-24-136-i004
Table 5

Factors Influence on Psychological Well-being (N=411)

jkapmhn-24-136-i005

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