Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.23(4) > 1058019

Kim and Jun: Factors related to Suicidal Ideation in People with Schizophrenia and Suicide Attempts



The purpose of this study was to explore factors which contribute to suicidal ideation in people with schizophrenia who have experienced at least one suicide attempts.


The participants for this study were 138 people with schizophrenia who had made attempts at suicide. Data were collected from April 15 to May 7, 2014 using self-report questionnaires which included questions on Suicidal Ideation, Self-Esteem, Depression, Family Support and the Internalized Stigma Inventory. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.


The average score of suicidal ideation in the patients with schizophrenia who had experienced suicide attempts was 12.2±6.08. Factors which predicted suicidal ideation in these patients included self-esteem, depression and suicide attempts and these factors explained 44.0% of the variance in suicidal ideation.


The results indicate that development and application of intervention programs, which can help to increase self-esteem levels and decrease depression levels among patients schizophrenia that have experienced suicidal attempts is a first priority.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Comparison of Suicidal Ideation Score according to the Subjects' Characteristics (N=138)
Table 2
Mean Score of Major Variables in Schizophrenia patients with Suicidal Attempts (N=138)
Table 3
Correlations of Depression, Self-esteem, Internalized Stigma, Family Support and Suicidal Ideation in Schizophrenia Patients with Suicidal Attempts (N=138)
Table 4
Factors influencing of Suicidal Ideation in Schizophrenia Patients with Suicidal Attempts (N=138)

Dummy variables: Residential status (living alone=0, living wit family=1), Physical illness (no=0, yes=1), Suicidal attempts (only one time=0, more than 2 times=1).


This work was supported by a 2-Year Research Grant of Pusan National University.


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