Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.22(3) > 1057977

Sung: Development of a Scale to Measure Stress in Parents of Adolescents

Abstract

Purpose

This study was done to develop the scale to measure stress in parents of adolescents for primary mental health care providers such as school nurses who work with adolescents and their parents.

Methods

The study design for the scale included qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative data from in-depth interviews with parents were analyzed using content analysis methodology. Quantitative data were collected from 581 parents with adolescent children in grades 7 through 11 from 6 different middle and high schools.

Results

Factor analysis revealed twelve factors explaining 59.1% of total variance. The final scale consisted of 3 sub-scales including 51 items: Adolescent domain (16 items/4 factors); Parent domain (20 items/5 factors); and Adolescent-Parent relationship domain (15 items/3 factors). The internal consistency was acceptable (Cronbach's α=.93).

Conclusion

The results indicate that the scale is useful to measure stress in parents of Korean adolescents. Also, the results of this research provide basic data regarding adolescent parenting stress.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of the Subjects (N=581)
jkapmhn-22-216-i001
Table 2
The Experiences of Adolescent Parenting Stress (N=581)
jkapmhn-22-216-i002
Table 3
Preliminary Tests for Item analysis and Internal Consistency (N=581)
jkapmhn-22-216-i003

Deleted items for factor analysis; Total Cronbach's α=.94.

Table 4
Result of Factor Analysis for Both Parents (N=581)
jkapmhn-22-216-i004
Table 5
Final Analysis of Internal Consistency (N=581)
jkapmhn-22-216-i005

Notes

This study was the Basic Research Program which was supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korea Government (KRF 03-2011-0257).

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