Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.22(3) > 1057976

Jang: Effects of Meditation Program on Power, Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of meditation program on power, depression and Quality of Life (QoL) in women with breast cancer.

Methods

In this study Barrett's Power theory derived from Rogers' Unitary Human Being Paradigm was used as a theoretical framework. A randomized controlled design was used with 50 participants recruited and randomly allocated. The experimental group (n=20) received the 8-week meditation program. The control group (n=21) received the same program as the experimental group after completion of the first- and eighth-week questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows.

Results

Results of homogeneity verification of preliminary investigation data showed that there were no significant differences between the experimental and control groups except for power scores. Compared with the control group, patients in the meditation treatment group showed significant improvement in scores for power (t=-6.07, p<.001) and QoL (t=-3.45, p=.001), a significant reduction in scores for anxiety (t=2.74, p=.009) and depression (t=2.20, p=.033).

Conclusion

The present trial results demonstrate that the 8-week meditation program significantly reduced anxiety and depression, and improved power and QoL in patients with breast cancer. These results suggest that meditation has positive effects on power, emotion and QoL.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Sessions and Contents of the Meditation Program
jkapmhn-22-205-i001
Table 2
Homogeneity Test of Characteristics of Participants
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Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Fisher's exact test result; Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scale.

Table 3
Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables
jkapmhn-22-205-i003

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group; PKPCT=power as knowing participating in change tool; HADS-A=hospital anxiety depression scale-anxiety; HADS-D=hospital anxiety depression scale-depression; FACT-B=functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast.

Table 4
Comparison of the Differences of Dependent Variables Scores between Groups
jkapmhn-22-205-i004

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group; PKPCT=power as knowing participating in change tool; HADS-A=hospital anxiety depression scale-anxiety; HADS-D=hospital anxiety depression scale-depression; FACT-B=functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast.

Table 5
Tests of between-Subjects Effects
jkapmhn-22-205-i005

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group; PKPCT=power as knowing participating in change tool; HADS-A=hospital anxiety depression scale-anxiety; HADS-D=hospital anxiety depression scale-depression; FACT-B=functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast.

Measured by ANCOVA.

Notes

This manuscript is based on a part of the 1st author's doctoral dissertation from Seoul National University.

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