Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.22(3) > 1057972

Kim and Kim: Cultural Competence and Factors Influencing Cultural Competence in Nursing Students



The purpose of this study was to identify cultural competence and factors influencing cultural competence of nursing students in South Korea.


Participants in this study were 248 nursing students who agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected during November and December, 2012 using structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using PASW/WIN 20.0 program and included t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, and multiple regression.


The mean score for cultural competence in nursing students was 3.0 points out of a possible 5. Factors influencing cultural competence in nursing students were identified as being female (β=-.23), third year (β=.30), having foreign friends (β=.29) and fluency (β=.12). These factors explained 18% of cultural competence reported by nursing students (F=10.13, p<.001).


The results of this study show the major factors influencing cultural competence in nursing students. Therefore, it is recommended that further cultural competence promotion programs for nursing students be considered directly along with ongoing transcultural experiences.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General and Cultural Characteristics (N=248)
Table 2
Descriptive Statistics of Cultural Competence (N=248)
Table 3
Answered Cultural Competence Inventory in Sub-dimension (N=248)

CC1=comfort; CC2=knowledge; CC3=awareness; CC4=competent behavior intent

Table 4
Differences of Cultural Competence according to General and Cultural Characteristics (N=248)
Table 5
Variables affecting Cultural Competence of Subjects (N=248)

ref=reference group.


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