Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.22(3) > 1057972

Kim and Kim: Cultural Competence and Factors Influencing Cultural Competence in Nursing Students

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to identify cultural competence and factors influencing cultural competence of nursing students in South Korea.

Methods

Participants in this study were 248 nursing students who agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected during November and December, 2012 using structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using PASW/WIN 20.0 program and included t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, and multiple regression.

Results

The mean score for cultural competence in nursing students was 3.0 points out of a possible 5. Factors influencing cultural competence in nursing students were identified as being female (β=-.23), third year (β=.30), having foreign friends (β=.29) and fluency (β=.12). These factors explained 18% of cultural competence reported by nursing students (F=10.13, p<.001).

Conclusion

The results of this study show the major factors influencing cultural competence in nursing students. Therefore, it is recommended that further cultural competence promotion programs for nursing students be considered directly along with ongoing transcultural experiences.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General and Cultural Characteristics (N=248)
jkapmhn-22-159-i001
Table 2
Descriptive Statistics of Cultural Competence (N=248)
jkapmhn-22-159-i002
Table 3
Answered Cultural Competence Inventory in Sub-dimension (N=248)
jkapmhn-22-159-i003

CC1=comfort; CC2=knowledge; CC3=awareness; CC4=competent behavior intent

Table 4
Differences of Cultural Competence according to General and Cultural Characteristics (N=248)
jkapmhn-22-159-i004
Table 5
Variables affecting Cultural Competence of Subjects (N=248)
jkapmhn-22-159-i005

ref=reference group.

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