Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.22(2) > 1057969

Kim: Spirituality and Self-esteem in Middle-aged Women



This study was conducted to identify the relationship of spirituality and self-esteem in middle-aged women.


The participants were 260 women, aged 40 to 64, living in Busan City or Kyungnam Province. The measurement scale used in the study were the 'Korean Spirituality Scale' and a 'Self-esteem Scale'. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson' correlation coefficients, and simple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program.


The level of spirituality and self-esteem of the women averaged 3.1. For differences in spirituality and self-esteem by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to religion, employment, and economic status. There was a significantly positive correlation among spirituality and self-esteem. Simple linear regression analysis showed that spirituality accounted for 49% of the variance in self-esteem.


The interest in spirituality is an important in psychological nursing to meet patient demands, especially patients who are experiencing existential problems. It is necessary to provide psycho-spiritual programs for the middle-aged women to improve self-esteem. Future research with experimental designs and random sampling needs to be done to examine relationships between middle-aged women's spirituality and self-esteem.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Mean Scores of Spirituality and Self-esteem (N=260)
Table 2
Difference of Self-esteem according to Degree of Spirituality (N=260)
Table 3
Difference of Spirituality and Self-esteem according to General Characteristics (N=260)

Scheffé test.

Table 4
Correlations between Spirituality and Self-esteem (N=260)
Table 5
Predictor of Self-esteem of Subjects (N=260)


This research was supported by the Catholic University of Pusan Research Fund in 2011.


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