Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.21(3) > 1057945

Bae, Park, and Yang: Effects of a Self-discovery Program for Ego resilience, Self-esteem, Stress and Depression in Elementary School Students



This study was done to identify the effects of a Self-discovery Program for elementary school students. The study consisted of two phases: Developing the program and evaluating its effectiveness.


Forty six students who were in elementary school in B city participated in a survey, which was carried out from May 25 to July 15, 2010. To test the effects of the Self-discovery Program, the participants were divided into two groups, an experimental group (n=23) and a control group (n=23). The research design used in this study was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest research design. Data were analyzed by using χ2-test, t-test and ANCOVA with the SPSS/WIN 14.0 program.


Significant differences were found in scores for self-esteem (t=2.60, p=.006), stress (F=18.65, p<.001) and depression (F=23.88, p<.001) between the experimental group and the control group.


The results indicate that Self-discovery Program should be used with children to help them and to improve their mental health.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Outline of Self-discovery Program for Elementary School Students
Table 2
Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics of Subject

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Fisher's exact test.

Table 3
Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables between Experimental Group and Control Group

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Table 4
Comparisons of Ego-resiliency, Self-esteem, Stress, and Depression between Experimental Group and Control Group (N=46)

Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

ANCOVA result.


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