Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.21(1) > 1057932

Lim and Kim: Prevalence and Correlates of Depression in Older Koreans: Comparison of Young-old and Old-old

Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depression among community-dwelling older adults (young-old vs old-old) in Korea.

Methods

Data on 11,250 older adults aged 65 or above, from the 2008 National Elderly Survey, were analyzed.

Results

Prevalence rate for depression was greater in old-old people (47.2%) than young-old people (24.7%). The logistic regression analysis revealed that gender, education, socioeconomic status (SES), living place, spouse, regular exercise, perceived health status, number of chronic disease, activity of daily living (ADL), instrumental activity of daily living (IADL), and cognitive function were significantly associated with depression in the young-old. However, in old-old people, education, SES, living status, religion, regular exercise, perceived health status, number of chronic disease, pain, ADL, IADL, and cognitive function were associated with depression.

Conclusion

The findings indicate that there are age differences in prevalence and correlates of depression in older Koreans. Therefore, age differences should be considered in studying and developing interventions for depression in older adults.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Characteristics of Subjects by Age Group
jkapmhn-21-1-i001

MW=midweight; UW=underweight; OW=overweight; MMSE-KC=mini-mental state examination in the Korean version of CERAD assessment packet.

Table 2
Factors related to the Depression by Age Group
jkapmhn-21-1-i002

MW=midweight; UW=underweight; Ow=overweight; MMSE-KC=mini-mental state examination in the Korean version of CERAD assessment packet.

Table 3
Logistic Analysis for Factors Affecting on the Depression by Age Group
jkapmhn-21-1-i003

OR=odds ratio; CI=confidence interval; MW=midweight; UW=underweight; Ow=overweight; MMSE-KC=mini-mental state examination in the Korean version of CERAD assessment packet.

Notes

This work was supported by the Sunmoon University research grant of 2011.

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