Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.20(4) > 1057923

Gang: Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-esteem of Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses



The purpose of this study was to identify the critical thinking disposition and self-esteem of psychiatric nurses and to identify factors that influence critical thinking disposition.


A cross-sectional study design was used in this study. The participants for this study were 158 psychiatric nurses from D city & C province. The instruments were the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) and Self-Esteem Scale (SES). The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 11.5 program.


The mean scores for critical thinking disposition and self-esteem were 186.4±13.96 and 30.5±3.95 respectively. A significant positive correlation between critical thinking disposition and self-esteem was found (r=.33, p<.001). In regression analysis, types of certification, education, work place and self-esteem explained 57% of the variance in critical thinking disposition for these nurses.


Participants who had higher levels of critical thinking disposition tend to exhibit a positive self-concept. It is necessary to provide interventions program to improve the critical thinking disposition and self-concept of psychiatric nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of the Subjects (N=158)


PMHNPs=Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners; MHProfessionals=Mental health professionals.

Table 2

Degrees of Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-esteem (N=158)

Table 3

Differences of Critical Thinking Disposition, Self-esteem according to the General Characteristics (N=158)


PMHNPs=Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners; MHProfessionals=Mental health professionals.

Table 4

Correlations between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-esteem (N=158)


CTD=Critical thinking disposition; TS=truth-seeking; OM=open-mindness; CTS=critical thinking self-confidence; Inq.=inquisitiveness.

Table 5

Influencing Factors on Critical Thinking Disposition (N=158)


Dummy variables: Types of certification (Nurse=0; Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners=1; Mental health professionals=2), Education (College=0; University=1;≥Graduate=2), Working place (Hospital=0; Community=1)


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