Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.20(3) > 1057910

J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2011 Sep;20(3):281-290. Korean.
Published online September 30, 2011.
© 2011 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Psychosocial Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents
Mia Seo,1 and Young Ja Lee2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Family Therapy, Graduate School of Administration and Law, Dankook University, Korea.
2Visiting Professor, Department of Nursing, Woosong College, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Seo, Mia, Department of Family Therapy, Graduate School of Administration and Law, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701, Korea. Tel: 82-31-8005-2793, Fax: 82-31-8921-7245, Email:
Received July 28, 2011; Revised September 17, 2011; Accepted September 18, 2011.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to explore suicidal ideation among adolescents and to identify the factors that may increase the likelihood of suicidal ideation among adolescents. The factors included depression, individuality, relatedness, cognitive deconstruction, social desirability, and alexithymia.


The data were collected from March 4 to May 29, 2009 from 1,519 adolescents who were conveniently selected from five different middle and high schools in Seoul. The data were analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics, correlation, and stepwise multiple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN program.


The major findings of this study were: 1) More than 30% of the participants had a history of having suicidal ideation while 6.3% had attempted suicide. 2) Suicidal ideation was positively related to depression, alexithymia, and cognitive deconstruction and negatively related to relatedness and social desirability. 3) Regression analysis showed 29% of variance in suicidal ideation can be explained by depression, individuality, cognitive deconstruction, living with father, living alone, and living with relatives.


Adolescents with depression, higher individuality, cognitive deconstruction, and not living with their parents require more attention to prevent suicide. It is necessary to develop programs to prevent adolescents' suicide.

Keywords: Adolescent; Suicidal ideation; Depression; Individuality; Alexithymia


Table 1
Descriptive Statistics of Suicidal Ideation (N=1,519)
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Table 2
Differences in Suicidal Ideation by General Characteristics (N=1,519)
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Table 3
Mean and Standard Deviation of Psychosocial Variables (N=1,519)
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Table 4
Correlation among Study Variables (N=1,519)
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Table 5
Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation (N=1,519)
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