Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.20(2) > 1057895

Min: Effects of a Depression Prevention Program on Depression, Self-esteem, and Quality of Life in a Community Population



This study was conducted to test the effects of a community-based depression prevention program on community people and the effectiveness was measured by assessing depression, self-esteem, and quality of life. The theoretical framework supporting the program was Ellis' REBT (Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy) theory (1962).


A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Study participants were 29 community residents (experimental: 14, control: 15). The depression prevention program consisted of music activity, bibliotherapy, and cognitive behavior therapy and was provided for 6 weeks (a twelve-session). Data were collected before and after the program and 3 months later for follow-up testing. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0.


There were no differences in outcome variables between the experimental and control groups. From the additional analyses, statistically significant differences by time point were observed for Self-esteem and Quality of life at 3 months later for experimental group. And 50% of the participants with depression symptoms no longer scored in the depression symptoms in the experimental group.


The study findings indicate that depression prevention programs are positive in reducing depression in people suffering from depression symptoms. However some modifications are required to increase effectiveness.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Depression Prevention Program for Community Population

Table 2

Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics between Groups (N=29)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Table 3

Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables between Groups in Pretest (N=29)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Table 4

Effects of Depression Prevention Program for Community Population (N=29)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Pretest=before program, Posttest 1 = after program, Posttest 2 = 3 months follow-up.

p<.05 by paired t-test.

Table 5

Change in Depression Score for the Depression Group


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Depression Score: Good (≤70), General (71~89), Mild depression (90~99), Severe depression (≥100).

Pretest=before program; Posttest 1=after program; Posttest 2=3 months follow-up.


This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (KRF-2008-331-E00418).


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