Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.19(2) > 1057853

J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2010 Jun;19(2):196-204. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2010.
© 2010 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Depression, Powerlessness, Social Support, and Socioeconomic Status in Middle Aged Community Residents
Mi-Kyoung Choi and Young Hee Lee
Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kwandong University, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Lee, Young Hee, Department of Nursing, Kwandong University, 522 Naegok-dong, Gangneung, Gangwon-do, Korea. Tel: 82-33-649-7616, Fax: 82-33-649-7620, Email:
Received December 30, 2009; Revised June 14, 2010; Accepted June 14, 2010.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The main purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing depression in middle aged people in relation to powerlessness, social support, and sociodemographic variables.


The questionnaire survey was carried out with a convenience sample of 160 middle aged people in a community setting. The data analysis procedures included frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using depression as the dependent variable.


The prevalence of depression was 44.4%. There were significant differences in depression by number of members in the family, education, economic status, and subjective health status. Powerlessness was significantly different according to gender, economic status, and subjective health status. and social support according to economic status and subjective health status. Depression showed significant correlations with powerlessness and social support. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that factors significantly affecting variance included economic status, number of members in the family, powerlessness, and social support. These factors explained 43% of variance in depression.


The results of this study suggest that to prevent the occurrence of depression, socio-environmental aspects including economic state should be considered when developing interventions for middle aged adults.

Keywords: Middle aged; Depression; Powerlessness; Social support; Socioeconomic Status


Table 1
General Characteristics (N=160)
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Table 2
Depression, Powerlessness, and Social Support of the Subjects (N=160)
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Table 3
Difference of Depression, Powerlessness, and Social Support according to General Characteristics (N=160)
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Table 4
Correlation between Depression, Powerlessness, and Social Support of Subjects (N=160)
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Table 5
Stepwise Multiple Regression about Depression (N=160)
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