Journal List > Korean J Schizophr Res > v.16(2) > 1057791

Korean J Schizophr Res. 2013 Oct;16(2):51-61. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.16946/kjsr.2013.16.2.51
Copyright © 2013 Korean Society for Schizophrenia
Comparison between Users of Community Mental Health Services and Psychiatric Patients in Mental Health Related Facilities in Korea
Soo Jung Lee, MPH,1 Jung Kyoo Choi, MD,2 Un Jin Jung, MD,3 Hong-Suk Jang, MD, PhD,4 Sunah Kim, PhD,5 and Jong-Ik Park, MD, PhD, LLM2,6
1Korea Suicide Prevention Center, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.
3Seoul Eunpyeong Metropolitan Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
4Dr. Jang's Psychotherapeutic Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
5College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
6Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Address for correspondence: Jong-Ik Park. Department of Psychiatry, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, 156 Baengnyeong-ro, Chuncheon 200-947, Korea. Tel: 033-258-9171, Fax: 033-254-1376, Email: lugar@kangwon.ac.kr
Received July 14, 2013; Revised September 06, 2013; Accepted September 16, 2013.

Abstract

Objectives

This study was conducted to compare the characteristics of psychiatric inpatients in mental health related facilities and community mental health services-utilizing patients by diverse factors in Korea.

Methods

Questionnaires were sent via mail to 140 standard mental health centers from October to December of 2008. 64 facilities responded and data of 461 mentally disabled who are registered at and utilize the services of these mental health centers were analyzed. T-test and cross-analysis were performed to determine the differences in the averages of the variables and the discrepancy in ratios, respectively.

Results

Differences between long-term psychiatric inpatients and community mental health services-utilizing patients were seen in characteristics such as gender, age, type of medical coverage, family support systems, diagnosis, age of onset, duration of hospitalization, community-dwelling period, and clinical symptoms and functions. It was significantly short in length of stay in facilities in users of community mental health services with comparison to institutionalized patients.

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest that invigoration of community mental health services is an alternative that can help deter long-term hospitalization.

Keywords: Length of stay; Long-term hospitalization; Community mental health service; Community mental health center

Tables


Table 1
Response rates and distribution of community mental health centers
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Table 2
Comparison of demographic and social characteristics between users of community mental health services and institutionalized patients
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Table 3
Comparison of clinical characteristics between users of community mental health services and institutionalized patients
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Table 4
Comparison of clinical status between users of community mental health services and institutionalized patients
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Table 5
Comparison of functional levels between users of community mental health services and institutionalized patients
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Table 6
Assessment of users of community mental health services
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