Journal List > J Korean Acad Oral Health > v.41(1) > 1057757

J Korean Acad Oral Health. 2017 Mar;41(1):36-42. Korean.
Published online March 31, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2017.41.1.36
Copyright © 2017 by Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
The relationship between oral health behavior, smoking, and periodontal diseases in Koreat middle-aged mee: based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015
Ye Hwang Kim,1 and Jung Hwa Lee1,2
1Department of Biomedical Health Science, Graduate School, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Nursing and Healthcare Sciences, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea.

Corresponding Author: Jung Hwa Lee. Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Nursing and Healthcare Sciences, Dong-Eui University, 176 Eomgwang-ro, Busanjin-gu, Busan 47340, Korea. Tel: +82-51-890-4239, Fax: +82-51-505-6878, Email: yamako93@deu.ac.kr
Received January 26, 2017; Revised March 04, 2017; Accepted March 08, 2017.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and periodontal diseases in Korean middle-aged men based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015.

Methods

The study subjects were 708 men aged 40 years and over and whose data included oral health behavior (status), community periodontal index, and smoking status. The statistical analyses were conducted by applying a complex sample analysis technique.

Results

In terms of the relationship between smoking and periodontal status, the risk of periodontitis was 1.99-fold higher in those aged 50 years and over. It was also 1.17-fold higher for the chewing problem “Average,” 2.877-fold higher for the chewing problem “Poor,” and 1.862-fold higher for smoking.

Conclusions

These results suggest that the need for smoking cessation should be widely publicized in order to promote public oral health.

Keywords: Adult middle-aged male; Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNE); Oral health behavior; Periodontal diseases; Smoking

Tables


Table 1
Characteristics of the study subjects
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Table 2
Characteristics of the oral health status
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Table 3
Characteristics of the oral health behavior
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Table 4
Periodontal disease according to general characteristics
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Table 5
Periodontal disease according to oral health behavior and oral health status
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Table 6
Relevance of smoking and periodontal status
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