Journal List > J Korean Acad Oral Health > v.37(2) > 1057593

J Korean Acad Oral Health. 2013 Jun;37(2):95-102. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2013.37.2.95
Copyright © 2013 by Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
Risk indicators of periodontal disease in Korean adults
Dong-Hyeob Woo, Hae-Young You, Min-Ji Kim, Han-Na Kim, Jin-Bom Kim and Seung-Hwa Jeong
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Pusan National University School of Dentistry, Yangsan, Korea.

Corresponding Author: Seung-Hwa Jeong. Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Pusan National University School of Dentistry, 49 Busandaehak-ro, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan 626-870, Korea. Tel: +82-51-510-8222, Fax: +82-51-510-8221, Email: jsh0917@pusan.ac.kr
Received May 24, 2013; Revised June 23, 2013; Accepted June 24, 2013.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk indicators of periodontal disease in a representative sample of Korean adults aged between 18 and 44 years.

Methods

Data of 6,485 adults were derived from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2007 to 2009. Demographic, socioeconomic, and oral health-related behavioral data were collected as independent variables. The Community Periodontal Index (CPI) was used as a dependent variable. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the relationship between the CPI and the other variables.

Results

Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that periodontal pocket formation (4 mm or more) was related with sex, age, and income level, irrespective of whether the mother engaged in economic activities in childhood, smoking experience, dental flossing, and use of interdental brushes. The subjects in the lowest-income quartile and those who were current smokers had a higher risk of pocket formation (odds ratios, 1.43 and 1.74, respectively) than those in the highest-income quartile and those who had no smoking experience, respectively.

Conclusions

This study confirmed various risk indicators of periodontal disease in Korean adults, using Korean national survey data. Smoking cessation, dental flossing, and efforts to decrease socioeconomic inequality should be encouraged to decrease the risk of periodontal disease.

Keywords: Flossing; Korean adults; Periodontal disease; Risk indicator; Smoking; Socio-economic inequality

Figures


Fig. 1
Summary of relationship between CPI and other variables determined by chi-square test.
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Fig. 2
Summary of relationship between each variables and periodontal disease.
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Tables


Table 1
Relationship between each community periodontal index and other variables analyzed from chi-square test and logistic regression analysis
Click for larger image

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