Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.23(1) > 1051939

Seo, Doo, Choi, and Kim: Influence of Information Literacy and Perception of Patient Data Privacy on Ethical Values among Hospital Clinical Nurses



The aim of this study was to elucidate clinical nurses' ethics germane to information literacy and perception of patient data privacy and thus help nurses to develop more positive and consolidated ethical values.


For this study a descriptive survey design was used. Participants were 142 nurses who worked in a hospital and completed self-report questionnaires. Data were collected from August 1 to 5, 2016 and were analyzed using independent t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 22.0.


Ethical value had a positive correlation with information needs (r=.25, p=.002) in information literacy as well as in direct patient care (r=.27, p=.001), shift work (r=.20, p=.016), patient information management (r=.39, p<.001), and communication (r=.24, p=.004) in perception of patient data privacy. Patient information management, educational background, and age were significant variables predicting the level of ethical values and accounted for 21% of the variance.


Ethical values education with particular emphasize on managing patient information should be encouraged for nurses who are younger and have a lower education level. Findings indicate a need for education programs to guide clinical nurses to utilize appropriate information when solving ethical challenges in every day nursing practice.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of Participants and Related Items of Ethical Values (N=142)


*Multiple responses.

Table 2

Levels of Information Literacy, Perception of Patient Data Privacy and Ethical Values (N=142)

Table 3

Information Literacy, Perception of Patient Data Privacy, and Ethical Values according to General Characteristics of Participants (N=142)


*Multiple responses.

Table 4

Correlations between Information Literacy, Perception of Patient Data Privacy and Ethical Values (N=142)


1=Information literacy; 1-1=Information needs; 1-2=Information search; 1-3=Information evaluation; 2=Perception of patient data privacy; 2-1=Direct patient care; 2-2=Shift work; 2-3=Patient information management; 2-4=Communication; 3=Ethical values; 3-1=Respect for life; 3-2=The relationship between nurses and clients; 3-3=The relationship between nurses and nursing tasks; 3-4=The relationship between nurses and co-workers.

Table 5

Factors Affecting Ethical Values (N=142)



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