Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.23(5) > 1051934

Park and Hwang: Predictors of Turnover Intention among Nurses in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals



The purpose of this study was to explore the predictors of turnover intention among nurses working in small and medium-sized hospitals in South Korea.


Data were obtained from a survey conducted in 2016 on welfare policy and system improvement. The participants were nurses of the Korean Nurses Association who worked in small and medium-sized hospitals. The responses of 2,011 nurses were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression analysis, which was performed to explore the predictors of nurses' turnover intentions.


The findings of this study showed that the predictors significantly reducing nurses' desire to leave their hospitals were a 40-hour workweek, satisfaction with the salary, and six out of the 40 fringe benefits provided by their hospitals: the provision of uniforms and work shoes, paid menstrual leave, operational costs for the department, job-related educational costs, and in-house nurse training program.


These findings suggest that hospitals should provide proper work hours and reasonable rewards for nurses' work in order to reduce turnover intention among their nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Differences in Turnover Intention according to Participant Characteristics (N=2,011)

Table 2

Fringe Benefit Rate for Nurses in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals (N=2,011)

Table 3

Relationship among Salary Satisfaction, Fringe Benefits and Turnover Intention (N=2,011)

Table 4

Factors Influencing Turnover Intention by Multiple Hierarchical Regression Analysis (N=2,011)


*Special units=intensive care unit, operation room, emergency room.


This work was supported by 2016 Korean Nurses Association.


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