Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.23(4) > 1051922

Lee, Park, and Jo: Influence of Knowledge and Awareness on Nursing Students' Performance of Standard Infection Control Guidelines



In this study an examination was done of nursing students' knowledge, awareness and performance of standard precaution guidelines designed to prevent medical-related infections.


Participants in this study were 184 junior and senior college nursing students who completed a clinical practice. Data collection was done from December 3 to 21, 2016 and was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0.


The mean score for awareness of standard precautions was 4.77±0.35, and the mean score for performance of standard precautions was 4.45±0.41. Performance was lower than awareness. Knowledge of standard precautions had a positive correlation with performance of standard precautions (r=.23, p=.002). There was also a positive correlation between awareness and performance of standard precautions (r=.49, p<.001). Stepwise regression analysis showed that the factors affecting the performance of standard precaution totaled 27.3% of determination coefficient due to the degree of observation and knowledge, awareness of standard precautions.


The results of this study show that factors influencing performance of standard precautions are the degree of observation of the students themselves and their knowledge and awareness of standard precautions and also provide basic data necessary to develop education programs for nursing students to improve their performance of standard precautions.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Performance of Standard Precautions according to General Characteristics (N=184)


*Plural response.

Table 2

Subjects' Knowledge on Standard Precautions (N=184)


etc.=et cetera.

Table 3

Degree of Awareness and Performance on Standard Precautions (N=184)


*Except inexperienced subjects; Inexp.=Inexperience; e.g.=exempli gratia.

Table 4

Correlation among Knowledge, Awareness, Performance of Standard Precautions (N=184)

Table 5

Factors Influencing Performance on Standard Precautions (N=184)




1. Korean Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Healthcare Infection Control TF. Healthcare associated infection control [Internet]. Osong: Korean Centers for Disease Control & Prevention;2012. cited August 20, 2012. Available from:
2. Korean Association of Infection Control Nurses. Text of infection control. 2nd ed. Seoul: Hyunmoon;2012.
3. Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L. 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in health care settings. Am J Infect Control. 2007; 35(10):S65–S164. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajic.2007.10.007.
4. June KJ, Choi ES. Infection control of hospital nurses: Cases of middle east respiratory syndrome. Korean J Occup Health Nurs. 2016; 25(1):1–8. DOI: 10.5807/kjohn.2016.25.1.1.
5. Perry J, Parker G, Jagger J. 2007 Percutaneous injury rates. EPINet Report. Charlottesville, Virginia: International Healthcare Worker Safety Center;2009.
6. Suh YH, Oh HY. Knowledge, Perception, Safety Climate, and Compliance with Hospital Infection Standard Precautions among Hospital Nurses. J Korean Clin Nurs Res. 2010; 16(1):61–70.
7. Yang KH. Awareness and performance of the nurses to standard precautions for infection control in a university hospital [master's thesis]. Jeonju: Chonbuk National University;2010.
8. Kim JY, Kim BJ. Awareness and performance for standard precautions among health care workers in a general hospital. J Korean Crit Care Nurs. 2012; 5(2):49–60.
9. Tae SH, Hwang EH. Nurses' clinical competence and its relationship with perception of and compliance with standard precautions. Korean J Health Promot. 2012; 12(1):40–46.
10. Kim HR. Factors influencing on compliance standard precautions of the healthcare-associated infection control among nurses in operating room [master's thesis]. Gwangju: Chosun University;2015.
11. Sung YH, Nam HK. The study of the knowledge and performance of nursing students for the nosocomial infection control. Korean J Occup Health Nurs. 2006; 15(1):40–49.
12. Park JH, Chon HK, Jeong SH, Hwang JH, Lee CS, Lee HB. Nursing students' exposure to blood and body fluids in clinical practicum. J East West Nurs Res. 2010; 16(1):70–75.
13. Hong SY, Kwon YS, Park HO. Nursing students' awareness and performance on standard precautions of infection control in the hospital. J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ. 2012; 18(2):293–302. DOI: 10.5977/jkasne.2012.18.2.293.
14. Kim SS, Shin GS, Kim JY. Needlestick and sharps injuries of nursing students. J Korean Biol Nurs Sci. 2011; 13(2):174–178.
15. Kim HJ, Kim NC. The status of blood and body fluid exposure and affecting factors among nursing students including knowledge, performance regarding standard precautions. J Korean Soc Sch Community Health Educ. 2014; 15(3):17–30.
16. Paik HJ, Kang JH, Yang SH. Nursing students' knowledge, self-confidence in compliance, and compliance with standard precautions. J Korean Acad Soc Home Care Nurs. 2015; 22(2):280–290.
17. Jeong MH. Survey of exposure to blood and body fluids, knowledge, awareness and performance on standard precautions of infection control in nursing students. J Korea Contents Assoc. 2015; 15(4):316–329. DOI: 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.04.316.
18. Oh JY, Mun JY, Oh HK. Affecting factors on performance of nursing students regarding standard precautions for healthcare associated infection control and prevention. J Health Inform Stat. 2016; 41(3):270–277. DOI: 10.21032/jhis.2016.41.3.270.
19. Hong SY. Nursing students' awareness and performance of standard precautions in hospital infection control [master's thesis]. Daegu: Keimyung University;2011.
20. Baek KS. Effects of nurses' knowledge, administrative support and environment for infection control on compliance of standard precautions in geriatric hospital [master's thesis]. 2016. Wonju: Yonsei University.
21. Lee MJ. Relationships among perception about patient safety culture and awareness, and performance of standard precautions in hospital nurses [master's thesis]. 2013. Jinju: Gyeongsang National University.
22. Park MS. Exposure to blood and body fluids and influencing factors on compliance with standard precautions among nurses in general hospital. J Korea Acad Ind Coop Soc. 2016; 17(11):563–572.
23. Choi JR, Ko IS, Yim YY. Factors influencing nursing students' performance of infection control. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2016; 23(2):136–148. DOI: 10.7739/jkafn.2016.23.2.136.
Similar articles