Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.23(1) > 1051919

Hwang and Kim: Relationship of Gender Role Conflict and Job Satisfaction to Turnover Intention for Men in Nursing



The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between gender role conflict for men in nursing, job satisfaction, and turnover intention.


The study data were collected between August 1 and September 1, 2015 from 225 men in nursing currently working in 36 Korean general hospitals, each with ≥100 beds. Frequency and percentages were analyzed, and Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA, and Duncan's test were used.


There was no significant difference in gender role conflict based on the general characteristics of the men. In contrast, significant differences in gender role conflict were found in association with the following job-related characteristics: work experience at the present hospital, work department, work unit, and type of work. A significant negative correlation was detected between male gender role conflict and job satisfaction, a positive correlation was found between male gender role conflict and turnover intention.


In order to increase job satisfaction and decrease the turnover intention of men in nursing, measures to reduce gender role conflict are needed.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General and Job related Characteristics of Participants (N=225)

Table 2

Gender Role Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention by General Characteristics (N=225)


a, b, c=Duncan test.

Table 3

Gender Role Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention by Job related Characteristics (N=225)


a, b, c, d, e, f, g=Duncan test.

Table 4

Correlations between Gender Role Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention (N=225)



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