Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.23(3) > 1051915

Yu, Kang, Yu, and Park: Factors affecting Retention Intention of Male Nurses Working Health Care Institution in Korea



The study was done to investigate male nurses' gender discrimination, person-organization fit, organization leader-member exchange, career plateau and retention intention and to identify factors affecting nurses' retention intention for these nurses.


A cross-sectional survey was conducted using self-report questionnaires. The participants were 144 male nurses working in hospitals and other health care facilities in Korea. Data were analyzed using hierarchial regression.


The mean score was 5.40±1.61 (out of 8) for retention intention. Factors influencing retention intention were ‘married’ (β=.27, p<.001) and ‘employment career (3~5 yr)’ (β=-.24, p=.003) in model 1, ‘person-organization fit’ (β=.42, p<.001) in model 2, ‘content plateau’ (β=-.19, p=.020) in model 3. Person-organization fit was the most significant factor followed by content plateau, employment career and married state in that order. These factors explained 33.2% of the variance in retention intention (F=17.23, p<.001).


Findings indicate that it is necessary to confirm that the male nurses are suitable for their organization and improve career development at 3~5 years of work experience as a retention strategy of male nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics (N=144)


*Missing data excluded.

Table 2

Mean, Standard Deviation of Study Variables (N=144)

Table 3

Differences in Retention Intention by General Characteristics (N=144)

Table 4

Correlation among Variables


χ1=Compensation discrimination; χ2=Training discrimination; χ3=Gender discrimination; χ4=Person-organization fit; χ5=Emotional bond; χ6=Royalty; χ7=Contribution; χ8=Respect to professionalism; χ9=Organization leader-member exchange; χ10=Structural plateau; χ11=Content plateau; χ12=Career plateau; χ13=Retention intention.

Table 5

Factors influencing Retention Intention


*Reference group; Marital state (married=1), Employment career (3~5 yr=1).


This research was supported by the 2017 scientific promotion program funded by Jeju National University .


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