Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.22(4) > 1051864

J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2016 Sep;22(4):313-322. Korean.
Published online September 30, 2016.
Copyright © 2016 Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Impact of Nursing Organizational Culture Types on Innovative Behavior and Job Embeddedness Perceived by Nurses
Mi Yeong Mun,1 and Seon Young Hwang2
1Graduate School of Hanyang University · Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Korea.

Corresponding author: Hwang, Seon Young. College of Nursing, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea. Tel: +82-2-2220-0702, Fax: +82-2-2295-2074, Email:
Received April 18, 2016; Revised June 13, 2016; Accepted July 19, 2016.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The aim of this study was to determine the impact of nursing organizational culture types on innovative behavior and job embeddedness among clinical nurse.


For this study a descriptive correlational study design was used. Participants were 293 nurses who had more than one year work experience. They were recruited from two university hospitals, one in Seoul and one in Gyeonggi province in 2016. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 statistics program.


Hierarchy-oriented culture was the highest type of organizational culture perception and innovation-oriented culture, the lowest. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that, when age and total clinical experience were adjusted for, innovation-oriented culture perception was the most significant factor influencing innovative behavior, followed by task-oriented culture and relation-oriented culture in that order (R2=.33, F=24.50, p<.001). Relation-oriented culture perception was the factor most influencing job embeddedness, followed by task-oriented culture and innovation-oriented culture in that order (R2=.48, F=55.98, p<.001).


More systematic and sustained organizational efforts are required to improve the hierarchy-oriented culture highly perceived by nurses and to emphasize innovation-oriented, relation-oriented and task-oriented organizational culture to increase innovative behavior and job embeddedness among clinical nurses.

Keywords: Nurses; Organizational culture; Behavior; Job satisfaction


Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=293)
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Table 2
Levels of Nursing Organizational Culture Type, Innovative Behavior, and Job Embeddedness of Participants (N=293)
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Table 3
Differences in Innovative Behavior and Job Embeddedness according General Characteristics of Participants (N=293)
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Table 4
Correlation among Nursing Organizational Culture Type, Innovative Behavior and Job Embeddedness (N=293)
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Table 5
Factors affecting Innovative Behavior and Job Embeddedness (N=293)
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