Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.22(1) > 1051854

Lee and Kim: Effects of Emotional Labor on Burnout in Nurses: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Social Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence



The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of emotional labor on burnout in nurses focusing the moderating effects of social intelligence and emotional intelligence.


Data were collected in March 2015 by self administered questionnaires among 392 nurses in eight hospitals located in Busan, Gyeongsangnam-do. Data were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression, hierarchical multiple regression.


Study results shown (a) emotional labor showed a positive correlation on burnout, while social intelligence and emotional intelligence showed a negative correlation on burnout, (b) emotional labor was the most influential variable on burnout, (c) social intelligence had a negative moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout, (d) emotional intelligence had a positive moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout.


The result of the study indicate that emotional labor of nurses is positively correlated with burnout and emotional labor is to give the greatest effect on burnout, social intelligence and emotional intelligence had a moderating effects the relationship between emotional labor and burnout.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Differences in Emotional Labor, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Burnout according to Demographic Characteristics (N=392)

Table 2

Correlations among Emotional Labor, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence and Burnout (N=392)

Table 3

Factors Influencing Burnout

Table 4

Moderating Effect of Social Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence between Emotional Labor and Burnout (N=392)



This article is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from Kaya University.


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