Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.21(1) > 1051807

Lee and Woo: Structural Relationships among Job Embeddedness, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and Turnover Intention of Nurses



This study was done to elicit basic data for effective human resource management by identifying the relationships among job embeddedness, emotional intelligence, social support, and the turnover intention of Nurses.


Research design was to build a hypothetical causal model between variables and to verify its fitness. The sample for this study was 283 nurses with careers of more than 6 months in one hospital of more than 800 beds located in Seoul. They agreed in writing and this study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 program.


Differences in general characteristics for the variables were significant for age, marital status, education, work experience, job title, income, and department. Job embeddedness, emotional intelligence and social support were significantly correlated to turnover intention. Job embeddedness to emotional intelligence and social support showed positive effects and a negative effect to turnover intention. Emotional intelligence to turnover intention showed a positive effect, but social support was not significant.


Organizations should provide ways to minimize voluntary turnover of a competent workforce and demonstrate their competency. Also it should develop training and management programs to effectively utilize emotional intelligence.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Path diagram of the modified model.

Table 1

Job Embeddedness, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and Turnover Intention by General Characteristics (N=283)

Table 2

Descriptive Statistics and Correlations among Job Embeddedness, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and Turnover Intention (N=283)


JE=job embeddedness; SF=Sacrifice; EI=emotional ingelligence; SE=self-emotion appraisal; OE=others' emotion appraisal; RE=regulation of emotion; UE=use of emotion; SS=social support; SV=supervisory support; CS=coworker support; FS=family support; TI=Turnover intention.

Table 3

Standardized Direct Effect, Indirect Effect and Total Effect in Modified Path Model


SMC=Squared multiple correlations.


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