Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.21(3) > 1051804

Choi: Moderating Effects of Work-family Conflict between Job · Organizational · Career Characteristics and Turnover Intention among Nurses in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals



The purpose of this study was to identify moderating effects of work-family conflict in the relationship between job, organizational, career characteristics and turnover intention among nurses working in small and medium-sized hospitals.


A self report questionnaire survey was completed by 286 nurses working in five small or medium-sized hospitals in P city. Data were gathered during October, 2014 and analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program.


Work-family conflict had significant moderating effects between job, organizational, career characteristics and turnover intention of nurses working in small or medium-sized hospitals. Career commitment was the biggest factor in reducing turnover intention.


The results of the study indicate that work-family conflict and career commitment are important factors in turnover intention among nurses working in small and medium-sized hospitals. Therefore, to understand job and organizational career characteristics of nurses in small and medium hospitals, consideration must be given to the role of conflict in the nurses' workplace and homes. Support from the organization focusing on career development, and provision of an innovative system for the environment of small hospitals are needed.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Degree of Variables (N=286)

Table 2

Job Fitness, Job Autonomy, Job Challenge according to General Characteristics (N=286)

Table 3

Growth Opportunity, Compensation Recognized, Work-family Conflict according to General Characteristics (N=286)

Table 4

Career Satisfaction, Career Commitment, Turnover Intention according to General Characteristics (N=286)

Table 5

Moderating Effect of Work-family Conflict on Turnover Intention (N=286)



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