Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.21(2) > 1051792

Choi and Lee: Factors Affecting Nursing Students' Practice of Patient Safety Management in Clinical Practicum



This study was done to assess nursing students' practice of patient safety management (PSM), identify factors affecting PSM and provide basic data to develop education programs to strengthen students' competencies for patient safety.


In this descriptive research the practice of PSM by nursing students was examined and predictive factors were identified. Participants were junior and senior nursing students from 7 universities in 7 cities. Self-report questionnaires were used for data collection.


Significant positive correlations were found between knowledge of PSM, perception of the importance of PSM and practice of PSM. In multivariate analysis, women students, participation in patient safety education in school, knowledge of PSM, and practice of PSM predicted high perception of the importance of PSM. In multivariate analysis, senior year and participation in patient safety education in school predicted higher knowledge of PSM. In multivariate analysis, perception of the importance of PSM predicted high practice of PSM.


In this study, knowledge was not found to directly affect PSM practice, but was found to affect the perception of the importance of PSM, a significant predictive variable. Thus, the importance of PSM should be strongly emphasized during education.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Characteristics of Participants (N=426)


PSM=Patient safety management.

Table 2

Differences between Perception, Knowledge, and Practice of PSM according to Characteristics (N=426)


PSM=Patient safety management; Post-hoc comparison=Scheffé; *p<.05.

Table 3

Correlation between PSM Variables (N=426)


PSM=Patient safety management.

Table 4

Predictors of Perception of Importance of PSM, Knowledge of PSM, and Practice of PSM by Stepwise Multiple Regression (N=426)


PSM=Patient safety management; *Dummy variables: gender (M=0), year (3=0), education on PSM at school (no=0).


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