Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.21(1) > 1051786

Moon, Lee, and Jeong: Effect of Image Making Programs on Image Making Efficacy, Positive Thinking, Self-esteem, and Nursing Professionalism in Nursing Students



This study was conducted to test the effect of Image Making Programs on image making efficacy, positive thinking, self-esteem, and nursing professionalism in nursing students.


A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were 124 nursing students at two universities, and were assigned to the treatment group (n=62) or the comparison group (n=62). The treatment was the Image Making Program, which was held twice over 2 days for 120 minutes per session. Data were collected from August to September 2012, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smironov test, χ2-test, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, one-tailed Mann-Whitney U test, independent one-tailed t-test with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.


Nursing students in the treatment group showed statistically significantly higher levels of image making efficacy, positive thinking, and nursing professionalism than those in the comparison group.


The results indicate that the Image Making Program is an effective intervention for increasing image making efficacy, positive thinking, and nursing professionalism in nursing students. However, further research and practices are needed in this area.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Image Making Program


CTT=Creative training techniques.

Table 2

General Characteristics and Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics, Outcome Variables (N=124)


Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 3

Effect of Image Making Program (N=124)


Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.


This paper was supported by Wonkwang Health Science University in 2014.


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