Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.20(5) > 1051778

Jang, Kim, and Park: Effects of an Action Learning based Creative Problem-Solving Course for Nursing Students



This study was conducted to identify the effects of an action learning based creative problem-solving (CPS) course on problem solving, creativity and team-member exchange in nursing students.


A quasi-experimental study applying a non-equivalent control group pre-post design was employed. Sophomore nursing students (32 in the experimental group and 33 in the control group) were recruited from a university in G-city, Korea. Problem solving, creativity and team-member exchange were measured for the pretest and posttest using self-report questionnaires. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and ANCOVA with SPSS/Win 20.0 program were used to analyze the data.


The scores for problem solving, creativity and team-member exchange in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group.


Results of this study indicate that an action learning based CPS course is an effective teaching method to improve nursing students' competencies. In the future longitudinal studies are needed to assess the long term effects of the course.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Creative Problem-Solving Course Outline

AL=Action Learning; CPS=Creative problem-solving; SCAMPER=Substitute, combine, adapt, modify, magnify, minimize, put to other use, eliminate, reverse, rearrange; ASIT=Advanced systemic inventive thinking; MECE=Mutually exclusive collectively exhaustive; SWOT=Strength, weakness, opportunity, threat; ALU=Advantage, limitation, unique qualities.

Table 2
Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics between Experimental and Control Groups (N=65)

Exp=Experimental group; Cont=Control group; Fisher exact test.

Table 3
Homogeneity Test for Dependent Variables between Experimental and Control Groups (N=65)

Exp=Experimental group; Cont=Control group.

Table 4
Group Comparisons on Dependent Variables at Posttest (N=65)

Exp=experimental group; Cont=control group; F score of from Analysis of Covariance with pretest scores as covariates.


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