Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(5) > 1051723

Lee and Yom: Effects of Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout in Clinical Nurses



The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction on burnout in clinical nurses.


The sample consisted of 268 nurses from two general hospitals located in Seoul and Gyunggi province. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé, Pearson Correlation and Hierarchial Multiple Regression.


Compassion fatigue had a significant positive effect on burnout, while Compassion satisfaction had a negative effect on burnout. The explained variance for burnout was 49% and compassion satisfaction was the most significant factor in burnout of nurses.


The results indicate that the factors influencing nurses' burnout are work stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Therefore strategies to decrease work stress and compassion fatigue and to enhance compassion satisfaction for nurses are needed.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics (N=268)
Table 2
Descriptive Statistics for Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction, and Burnout (N=268)
Table 3
Difference in Burnout by General Characteristics (N=268)
Table 4
Correlations among Work Stress, Compassion Fatigue, Compassion Satisfaction, and Burnout (N=268)
Table 5
Hierarchical Multiple Regression for Burnout (N=268)


This article is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from Chung-Ang University.


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