Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(4) > 1051707

Moon, Park, and Jung: Effects of Resilience on Work Engagement and Burnout of Clinical Nurses



The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting work engagement and burnout among clinical nurses according to resilience.


The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from 182 clinical nurses who worked in hospitals in "J" province. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regressions.


The mean score of resilience, work engagement, burnout were 3.47±0.38, 4.29±0.98, 2.25±0.82 respectively. Resilience had 26.3% of the influence on work engagement and 50.5% of the influence on burnout. Sub-variables of causal analysis and empathy of resilience were statistically useful as factors influencing burnout.


Resilience has been identified as a factor affecting work engagement and burnout. Therefore, nursing departments and nurse managers should strive to develop programs for the promotion of resilience.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of the Participants (N=182)
Table 2
Degree of Resilience, Work Engagement, and Burnout of the Participants (N=182)
Table 3
Differences in Resilience, Work Engagement, Burnout by Participant's Demographic Characteristics (N=182)
Table 4
Correlations among Resilience, Work Engagement and Burnout (N=182)
Table 5
Hierarchical Regression Analysis on Resilience

Dummy variables of reference group: *Unmarried; Geriatric; Staff; §≥20; ≥40: αNone.


This paper was supported by Wonkwang Health Science University in 2013.


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