Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(4) > 1051706

Noh, Jung, and Lee: Nurse's Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment according to Hospital Ethical Climate Types



This study was conducted to identify ethical climate factors in hospitals and analyze their influence on job satisfaction and organizational commitment.


A convenience sample of 196 nurses from one national university hospital in J city participated in this descriptive study survey. Instruments included the Ethical Climate Questionnaire, Job Satisfaction Scale, and Organizational Commitment Scale. Cronbach's α and factor analysis were done to test reliability and construct validity of the scales. Data were collected from March 15 to March 25, 2013 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 18.0.


Seven ethical climate factors were identified; laws and professional codes, social responsibility, company rules and procedures, self-interest, personal morality, efficiency, and friendship. Factors influencing job satisfaction were friendship (β=.25), social responsibility (β=.20), laws and professional codes (β=.20), and educational level (β=.27), explaining 37.6% of variance in job satisfaction. Factors influencing organizational commitment included social responsibility (β=.29), friendship (β=.27), laws and professional codes (β=.23), and age (β=.19), with explanatory power of 44.6%.


Results can be used as preliminary data for developing new strategies to establish positive ethical climates in hospital environments and thus enhance nurses' job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Factor Loadings and Coefficient alpha of Ethical climates (N=196)
Table 2
Ethical Climate, Job Satisfaction, and Organization Commitment by General Characteristics (N=196)
Table 3
Correlation among Variables (N=196)

x1=Ethical Climates; x2=Self-interest; x3=Efficiency; x4=Friendship; x5=Social Responsibility; x6=Personal Morality; x7=Rules And Procedures; x8=Laws and Codes; x9=Job Satisfaction; x10=Organizational Commitment.

Table 4
Results of Multiple Regression Analysis (N=196)

Adj. R2=Adjusted R Square; SR=Social Responsibility; L & C=Laws and Professional Codes; R & P=Rules and Procedures.


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