Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(4) > 1051703

Kim: Effects of Hospital Nurses' Perceived Organizational Support on Job Involvement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior



This descriptive study was done to identify effects of perceived organizational support (POS) on job involvement and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in hospital nurses.


Data were collected from Oct. 1 to Nov. 15, 2011. Participants in this study were 324 nurses working in 6 general hospitals in S, K, and C cities. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.


POS was positively correlated with job involvement, and OCB (altruism, conscientiousness, courtesy, sportsmanship and civic virtue). Factors influencing job involvement were POS and marital status, which accounted for 15.7% of the variance, marital status influenced altruism, which accounted for 4% of the variance, POS influenced conscientiousness, which accounted for 10% of the variance, religion and marital status influenced courtesy, which accounted for 6.5% of the variance, age influenced sportsmanship, which accounted for 7.9% of the variance, and POS and clinical career influenced civic virtue, which accounted for 23.1% of the variance. Job involvement mediated on the relation between perceived organizational support and organizational citizenship behavior.


The results of the study indicate that hospital administrators should explore ways of improve POS for better job involvement, conscientiousness, and civic virtue.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Differences in Perceived Organizational Support, Job Involvement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior according to Characteristics (N=324)
Table 2
Participants' Scores for Perceived Organizational Support, Job Involvement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (N=324)
Table 3
Relationship of Perceived Organizational Support to Job Involvement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (N=324)

POS=Perceived Organizational Support.

Table 4
Factors Influencing Job Involvement and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (N=324)

POS=Perceived Organizational Support; OCB=Organizational Citizenship Behavior.

Table 5
Mediating Role of Job Involvement on Perceived Organizational Support and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (N=324)

POS=Perceived Organizational Support; OCB=Organizational Citizenship Behavior.


This Work was supported Semyung University Faculty Research Fund in 2011.


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