Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(3) > 1051687

Nam and Kwon: Factors Influencing Happiness Index of Hospital Nurses



This study was conducted to provide basic data on the nursing Happiness Index and identify factors influencing nurses by describing their perception of lifestyle, health behavior, nursing professionalism, Happiness Index, and turnover intention.


On July 2012, 700 nurses from 10 general hospitals were surveyed, but 23 were omitted due to missing or incomplete data. The focus of this study was the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Happiness Index, consisting of 11 OECD identified topics concerning living conditions and quality of life. Data were analyzed using χ2-tests, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS/WINdow 14.0.


Mean score for nurses' Happiness Index was 3.03 on a scale of 5. There were significant differences on the Happiness Index for the following: age, marriage, children, education, position, work experience, wages, number of beds, medical institution, health behavior, weight, and meal patterns. There was a positive correlation between the happiness index and nursing professionalism but a negative correlation between the happiness index and turnover intention.


Results indicate that factors influencing happiness are autonomy, sense of calling and turnover intention suggesting the need to improve nursing professionalism for a life of happiness among hospital nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristic and Health Behaviors of Participants (N=677)


Table 2
Degree of Happiness Index, Nursing Professionalism, Turnover Intention (N=677)
Table 3
Difference in Variables according to General Characteristics (N=677)
Table 4
Correlations among Variable (N=677)
Table 5
Factor of affecting Happiness Index (N=677)


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