Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(2) > 1051685

Ko, Park, and Lee: Factors Affecting Burnout among Clinical Nurses according to Positive Psychological Capital



The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting burnout among clinical nurses according to Positive Psychological Capital.


The study design was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from 412 clinical nurses who worked in a general hospital in "J" city. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson Correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression.


In Model individual characteristics accounted for 27.8% of the influence on burnout. In model II with the addition of the 4 factors; Self-efficacy, Hope, Resilience, Optimism, individual characteristics accounted for 48.5% of the influence on burnout. Optimism and Resilience of the Positive Psychological Capital sub-variables were statistically useful as factors influencing burnout.


The results indicate that it is necessary to develop active human resource management and educational programs to decrease burnout and strengthen the Positive Psychological Capital of the nurses.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Characteristics of Participants (N=412)
Table 2
Descriptive Statistics of Positive Psychological Capital & Burnout (N=412)
Table 3
Differences in Positive Psychological Capital & Burnout according to Characteristics (N=412)

*Work unit (others): except, OPD=Out-Patient Department; OR=Operation Room; ICU=Intensive Care Unit; ER=Emergency Room.

Table 4
Correlations among Positive Psychological Capital, Burnout (N=412)
Table 5
Influence of Characteristics and Positive Psychological Capital on Burnout (N=412)

Dummy variables of reference group: *Unmarried; None; Diploma; §OPD; Staff.


This paper was supported by Wonkwang Health Science University in 2013.


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