Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(2) > 1051683

Kim and Jang: Comparison of Reflection Hierarchy, Team Learning Climate, and Learning Organization Building on Nursing Competency in Clinical Nurses



The purpose of this study was to identify clusters of nursing competency, and investigate the influence of reflective thinking, team learning climate, and learning organization building according to nursing competency clusters.


Participants were 244 clinical nurses who worked in 4 general hospitals in Gwangju Metropolitan City. Data were collected by self-report questionnaires during June and July, 2011. Nursing competency, levels of reflection hierarchy, team learning climate, and learning organization building were measured. Data were analyzed using frequencies, means, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and K-means cluster analysis with SPSS/WIN 20.0 version.


Nursing competency correlated positively with intensive reflection, reflection, team learning climate, and learning organization building (p<.001). There were three clusters of nursing competency in a clinical ladder, which were derived from cluster analysis, grouped as high, middle, and low competency. Intensive reflection, reflection, team learning climate, and learning organization building showed significant differences according to grouping of nursing competency.


The results indicate that developing intensive reflection, reflection, team learning climate, and learning organization building would be useful strategies for enhancement of nursing competency.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics and Nursing Competency of Participants (N=244)
Table 2
Descriptive Statistics of Variables (N=244)
Table 3
The Correlation of Variables (N=244)

X1=Nursing competency; X2=Intensive reflection; X3=Reflection; X4=Understanding; 5=Habitual action; X6=Team learning climate; X7=Tolerates mistake as part of learning; X8=High performance expectation; X9=Open to new idea/change; X10=Learning organization building; X11=Mental model; X12=Team learning; X13=Systems thinking; X14=Personal mastery; X15=Shared vision.

Table 4
The one-way ANONA and Scheffé test of the Nursing Competency Clusters (N=244)

Cluster 1=High level group; Cluster 2=Middle level group; Cluster 3=Low level group.

Table 5
Differences of Reflection Hierarchy, Team Learning Climate and Learning Organization Building according to Nursing Competency Clusters (N=244)


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