Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.19(2) > 1051674

Hwang, Seo, and Park: A Study of Relationships Hardiness, Coping Behaviors and Organizational Commitment of General Hospital Employees



This descriptive correlation study was done to identify the hardiness, coping behavior, and organizational commitment of general hospital employees and show how these variables affect increases in role performance and problem solving ability to have a positive influence on organizational harmony.


A quantitative, descriptive research design was used with a sample of 368 employees working in general hospitals in M and C cities. A survey was used to collect the data.


The score for perception of hardiness of general hospital employees was 2.85, and coping behavior was 2.40, both out of a possible 4 points, and organizational commitment, 3.03 out of a possible 5 points. There were statistically significant positive correlations between hardiness and coping behavior (r=.33, p<.001), also between hardiness and organizational commitment (r=.51, p<.001), and also between coping behavior and organizational commitment (r=.22, p<.001).


The results of the study indicate that hardiness, coping behavior, and organizational commitment in general hospital employees have positive correlations, and thus hospital administrators should explore ways of increase individual employee hardiness and coping behavior, and make efforts to harmonize their organizations by enhancing organizational commitment.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=368)
Table 2
The Degree of Hardiness, Coping Behaviors and Organizational Commitment of Participants (N=368)
Table 3
General Characteristics of Participants (N=368)
Table 4
Correlation among Hardiness, Coping Behaviors, and Organizational Commitment (N=368)


Table 5
Correlation of Subvariables among Hardiness, Coping Behaviors, and Organizational Commitment (N=368)

*p<.01; **p<.05.

Hardiness: 1=Commitment; 2=Challenge; 3=Control.

Coping Behaviors: 4=Problem focused; 5=Wishful thinking; 6=Detachment; 7=Seeking social support; 8=Focusing on the positive; 9=Tension reduction.

Organizational Commitment: 10=Attachment; 11=Identification; 12=Continuance.


This article based on a part of the first author's master's thesis from Chodang University.


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