Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.17(4) > 1051606

Kim and Kim: Effects of Perceived Patient Safety Culture on Safety Nursing Activities in the General Hospital Nurse's



This descriptive correlation study was done to identify how perception of patient safety culture of general hospital nurses affects safety during nursing activities. Data from this study should provide information on management of patient safety as well as improvement in patient safety.


Participants in this study were 357 clinical nurses working in a general hospital in M city which had two medical evaluations. A survey was conducted to gather the data.


The score for perception of patient safety culture of the general hospital nurses was 3.42, out of a possible 5 points, and the score for safety care activities was 3.90. There was a statistically significant positive relationship between the nurses' perception of patient safety culture and their safety care activities, Perception of patient safety culture, Supervisor/manager, communication and procedures, and frequency of accident reporting were factors that impacted significantly on safety nursing activity.


The results of the study indicate that patient safety cultural perception significantly affects the safety of nursing activities and thus systematic educational strategies to increase perception should be provided to increase the level of patient safety culture. Also, other specific methods that increase the level of patient safety culture should be considered.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=357)
Table 2
Scores of Perceived Patient Safety Culture and Safety Nursing Activity by Participants (N=357)
Table 3
Differences of Perceived Patient Safety Culture and Safety Nursing Activity by Participants (N=357)
Table 4
Correlation between Patient Safety Culture and Safety Nursing Activity (N=357)

*p<.05, **p<.01

Patient Safety Culture

①=Hospital work environment; ②=Supervisor/Manager; ③=Communication; ④=Frequency of events reported; ⑤=Level of general patient safety; ⑥=Hospital climate

Culture Safety Nursing Activity

⑦=Fall/ Physical restraint; ⑧=Invasive procedures/ surgeries; ⑨=Infection; ⑩=facilities ⑪=Fire facilities; ⑫=Verbal instruction; ⑬=High frequency of drug; ⑭=Transfusion; ⑮=Bed sore; ⑯=Suicide; ⑰=Identification of patient/Education; ⑱=Medication

Table 5
Factors Influencing Safety Care Activity Perceived by Participants (N=357)


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